Types of scalp conditions:

Dandruff

Dandruff is the most common condition affecting the scalp. Skin is constantly renewing itself and dead cells from the scalp fall off as new cells form beneath them. With dandruff a greater number of cells are shed. The scalp can also be itchy. The medical name for this condition is Pityriasis Capitis.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Is a common, chronic condition of the scalp that affects people of all ages. The most prominent features of seborrheic dermatitis are excessive oiliness of the scalp and hair, and greasy yellowish scales. The seborrhoeic area – the scalp, the skin around the nose, the lines on the cheeks, the eyebrows, the ears and the torso – may also be red and itchy.

Itchy and Sensitive Scalps.

Sensitivity can be a result of a number of factors including:

  • Malfunction of sebaceous glands
  • Hormonal problems
  • Internal factors such as stress, tension, heat or cold etc
  • External factors such as unsuitable cosmetic products etc

Other Scalp and Hair Conditions

Secretions from the scalp’s sebaceous and sweat glands help to keep it healthy and protected against negative external influences. Any changes in these secretions – and the scalp will lose its biological equilibrium. This can lead to the following conditions:

GREASY HAIR

Excessive secretion of either the sebaceous glands (oil) and/or sudorific glands (sweat) can lead to itching and irritation causing the hair to appear greasy, finer and limp. This can be a result of hormone imbalance.

DRY SCALP AND HAIR

Reduced secretions of the sebaceous glands (oil) have a tendency to cause the scalp to become dry and tight inducing symptoms such as itching, reddening, or sensitivity and dull brittle hair to appear.